Keighley Women

In Keighley Local Studies Library on Saturday 3rd March, retired librarian and celebrated local historian Ian Dewhirst MBE gave a very well received talk about notable Keighley women. The talk was well attended by the many people who had braved the icy conditions to be there.

Ian Dewhirst 2 Keighley Library

Thursday 8th March was International Women’s Day and Ian illustrated how Keighley has certainly has had its share of feisty ladies over the years.

The varied selection of ladies included Mrs Emma Groves, temperance advocate and Miss Sandra Dorne, film star. In his talk he spoke also of the late Mollie Sugden who played Mrs Slocombe in the 1970’s sit-com ‘Are You Being Served’. As mistress of the comedy double-entendre she had come a long way from her non-conformist roots at Ingrow.

Throughout history there are many forgotten personalities whose stories can be uncovered by delving into our Local Studies Library collections. The talk featured are some less well-known ladies with unusual stories such as Miss Annie Collett who kept an autograph album while visiting Keighley War Hospital in 1917-1918 and Miss Maud Marks of Keighley Salvation Army who was caught up in the fall of France in 1940.

This year is also the 100th anniversary of reforms to the voting system in 1918 where women over 30 years married to a householder or with a degree were given the vote for the first time.

Mr Dewhirst described the visit of suffragettes, Adela Pankhurst and Mary Kenney to Victoria Park on Sunday May 24th 1908 where the speeches were drowned out by the singing of popular songs. He spoke of the work of women in the First World War which had contributed greatly to their being given the vote.

The talk was accompanied by a display from Keighley Local Studies library collections which will remain in Keighley Local Studies library over the coming weeks.

Ian Dewhirst 1 Keighley Library

National Poetry Day the Dewhirst Way!

A talk by Ian Dewhirst is always something to look forward to and, given Ian’s keen interest and admiration for Keighley’s Gordon Bottomley, writer, poet, playwright, art collector, I was particularly eager to hear this one. I was not disappointed.

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Ian outlined Gordon Bottomley’s early life in Keighley and how local theatre trips with his gran, access to good libraries and his time at Keighley Boys’ Grammar School had all, Bottomley acknowledged, ultimately influenced his playwriting and poetry. Ian also noted the origins of Keighley Library’s unique archive collection of his original correspondence, deposited by Mrs Philip Lamb, a relative from Harrogate. You might have thought that a talk about a man so troubled by poor health would reflect some slow progress but Bottomley did travel at times and he certainly mingled in intellectually energetic company. Ian apprised us of his literary and artistic connections including Edward Thomas, renowned poet, John Masefield, Poet Laureate and Paul Nash, the famous artist. He also spoke of his influence in the Georgian Poetry Movement during the early 20th century, which included Rupert Brook and Siegfried Sassoon and significantly marks the major change in poetry from the romantic to the harsher realism of modern poetry, following the impact of WW1.

This talk could also have become one of simple name dropping of the artists and literati of the time but Ian Dewhirst MBE was never going to be so dull. The talk was well rounded, peppered with amusing anecdotes and brought to life the cultural times in which Gordon Bottomley lived, as well as Bottomley’s intelligent, witty and lively personality which so successfully managed to overshadow very serious ill health.

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Nevertheless, a talk from Ian would not be complete without a relevant but hilarious personal story at the expense of Ian himself. This came in his very funny account of his attempts to get a clearer view of the much admired The Sheiling. From 1914, this was Bottomley’s home with his wife, Emily, in Silverdale, near Carnforth. Quite a few of the great and good visited the Bottomleys here and so there are some fine descriptions of a beautiful house and woodland surroundings, a “magic wood” even. Inspired by these descriptions, Ian had, on a few rambles, attempted to get a better view of the house over the limestone rise and one wet, windy day, romantically determined to get that view at last. Manfully he scaled the rocks, only to find himself suddenly wet nose to pane with the kitchen window. As he put it, soggy and bedraggled, he knew the washing powder of the latest occupants but still had no better idea of the building.

Everyone enjoyed the talk, from the local lady who wrote poetry herself to a member of Keighley’s Film Club who commented that it was inspiring to hear “the expert” speak on an entirely new topic, never tackled before in depth, and he looked forward, as I do, to repeats in the future. Radio Leeds, who had interviewed Ian before the talk, made plans for not one but two features on this national day of celebration.

Indeed, it was a great pleasure post talk, to once again marvel at this comparatively small town of Keighley which has made such a contribution to the nurturing of national and international cultural and artistic influences, not only Gordon Bottomley but the Brontës, Alexander Smith, pioneer of the pictorial movement in photography, and the late Lord Asa Briggs, renowned historian, to mention a few, and all this whilst standing in one of the earliest of the famous Carnegie public libraries. GRAND!

Gina Birdsall

Keighley’s Neglected Poet: a talk by Ian Dewhirst MBE

To celebrate National Poetry Day on October 6th, well-known author and historian Ian Dewhirst MBE will be giving a talk ‘Gordon Bottomley, Keighley’s neglected poet and playwright’ in Keighley Local Studies library.

Born in Keighley in 1874, Gordon Bottomley was an important figure in the poetry movement before and during the First World War and one of the most influential literary figures to have been born in Keighley.

Over the years, Mr Dewhirst has made a special study of Gordon Bottomley, for whom he has a great deal of admiration, and we are fortunate that this renowned raconteur has agreed to share his knowledge in this unique talk to be held at Keighley Library.

The talk starts at 11.00am. Admission is free and all are welcome.

gordon-bottomley-keighley-poet


Gordon Bottomley (1874-1948)
Keighley’s poet, writer, playwright, art collector

Gordon Bottomley is one of the most important literary figures to have been born in Keighley.  Despite the limitations he faced in society due to illness, his cultural reach extended into the national arts scene including drama, poetry and fine art.  As well as honorary degrees, Bottomley was a Fellow and Benson medallist of the Royal Society of Literature and Vice-president of the British Drama League.  In 1994, a blue plaque, similar to those for famous London landmarks, was put up to mark the site of his birth in Keighley.

Born in 1874, the only child of Alfred Bottomley, a Keighley accountant and his wife Maria, a Scot, he was initially educated by his mother. He then attended the Keighley Trade and Grammar School, part of the Mechanics’ Institute building which later became Keighley Boys’ Grammar School. Gordon Bottomley credits the school as a major influence on his literary development and Keighley Library holds the records of the school which reveal to some extent the kind of education and facilities available.

At the age of 16, he became a junior clerk at the Craven Bank in Keighley. In 1891 he was transferred to the Bradford branch but ill health (haemorrhaging of the lungs) left him an invalid for long periods of time. When he was 18 years old, the family moved to Cartmel area on the Cumbria-Lancashire border. Bottomley stayed in the area for the rest of his life, moving to The Sheiling, in Silverdale near Carnforth in 1914 with his wife Emily. Here they entertained friends such as Paul Nash, the artist, and Edward Thomas, the poet, and his correspondence with both these influential men has since been published.

Gordon Bottomley began writing poetry in earnest in the 1890s and became a leading figure in the Georgian Poetry movement before, and during, WW1. He had seven collections of poetry published and his works appeared in anthologies of the time.
He was also a playwright, mainly of one-act verse plays and he also championed the experimental theatre of the 1930s. He loved art, and became a dedicated collector. Greatly influenced by William Morris and the Pre-Raphaelites, he acquired a nationally important collection which also included the work of influential contemporary artists such as Paul Nash, Stanley Spencer, William Nicholson and Bradford’s own Sir William Rothenstein.  In 1949, he left over 600 paintings, drawings and prints to the Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery in Carlisle. Details of his collection are available in archive BK60.

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Keighley Local Studies Library Resources

Gordon Bottomley’s works are out of print now but Keighley Library has an important collection of his publications, photographs and published and original correspondence housed in the Library’s Yorkshire Authors’ Collection and in the archive.

The library also holds news cuttings and biographical articles, including some written by local historian and former Keighley Reference Librarian, Ian Dewhirst MBE.

A leaflet has also been produced outlining Gordon Bottomley’s life, works and original archive resources stored in Keighley Local Studies Library.

Ian Dewhirst in Keighley Library Then and Now!

Ian Dewhirst was the Reference Librarian in Keighley Library from 1967 until his retirement in 1991.  Here are images of him doing a talk in 2015 and working in the library at the start of his career in Keighley.

Ian Dewhirst 2015

Keighley Public Library has the distinction of being the first in England substantially paid for by the Scots-born American industrialist Andrew Carnegie. The Borough council was to provide the site and adopt the Free Libraries Act. An architectural competition was held and the design of McKewan and Swann of Manchester was chosen. The design of the building was described as ‘Edwardian Free Style with Art and Craft influence which presages future 20th century developments in architecture more than it reflects 19th century eclecticism.’ (Sarr 1980)

Ian Dewhirst 1967